Mumps

What is mumps?

Mumps is a painful non-erythematous swelling of one or both parotid glands, occurring 1 – 2 weeks following exposure to the causative virus.

Epidemiology

Most common in children aged 6-8
years with epidemics occurring during
winter and spring, before the onset of
routine vaccination against measles,
mumps and rubella.

Symptoms of mumps

  1. Preauricular swelling
  2. Preauricular pain
  3. Fever
  4. Chills
  5. Headache

Diagnosis

Based on history and clinical findings

  • Virological evaluations may be
    employed

Differential Diagnosis

  • Bacterial infections.
  • Obstructive diseases.

Complications of mumps

  1. Meningitis
  2. Pancreatitis
  3. Otitis
  4. Nephritis
  5. Orchitis
  6. Testicular atrophy
  7. Sterility

Treatment for mumps

  • Supportive care for fever, headache and malaise
  • Antipyeritics
  • Analgesics
  • Adequate rehydration.